What's new at PRISM
2023 USDA Plant Hardiness Zone GIS Datasets

The USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map (PHZM) is the standard by which gardeners and growers can determine which plants are most likely to thrive at a location. The most recent revision was prepared by the PRISM Climate Group at Oregon State University, and was released by USDA in 2023. Based on the mean annual extreme minimum temperature over a 30-year period, the map divides the country into zones representing a spread of 10°F (zones 1-13), each subdivided into two half-zones with 5°F spreads (e.g., zone 1a and 1b).

This PHZM data set provides 1991-2020 mean annual extreme minimum temperature in grid and shapefile formats, at the following effective resolutions:

  • 800 m (30 arc-seconds) for the conterminous United States (CONUS) and Alaska
  • 400 m (15 arc-seconds) for Hawaii and Puerto Rico

Below are links to PHZM data in three formats. The shapefiles represent the half-zone classifications in a format suitable for mapping software. The grid files provide the mean annual extreme minimum temperature values on which the zones are based, giving the type of sub-zonal precision needed for scientific usage. There is also a listing of plant hardiness zones and half zones by ZIP code in CSV format. Metadata describing the files is included with each format.

Similar data files for the previous 2012 PHZM are available here.

These files are available free of charge on this site. However, they continue to be the property of Oregon State University and are subject to OSU’s terms of use. Be sure to read the terms of use agreement at the bottom of this page before using the datasets.

To view an interactive map, download cartographic images, or read more about the maps, visit the official USDA Plant Hardiness website at https://planthardiness.ars.usda.gov

Grid and Metadata Shapefile and Metadata KML (Google Earth) ZIP Code Listings
Alaska Alaska Alaska Alaska
Hawaii Hawaii Hawaii Hawaii
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Puerto Rico
PRISM formats and filenames

Terms of Use

Under the terms of a Specific Cooperative Agreement between the US Department of Agriculture and Oregon State University (OSU), OSU retains ownership of the GIS datasets underlying the official 2023 and 2012 USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Maps. These datasets may be freely reproduced and redistributed, subject to the following conditions: (1) Both the USDA-ARS logo and OSU logo must be prominently displayed on any maps derived from the GIS datasets. (2) The data may not be altered in any way unless (a) there is an explicit and prominently displayed disclaimer that the map is not the official USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map, and (b) the USDA-ARS and OSU logos are eliminated.